International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Vol. 2, Issue 2, Part A (2020)

A comprehensive review of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and anti-microbial investigation towards Bauhinia tomentosa L.

Author(s):

G Shanthini Nachiar and Sameemabegum

Abstract:

Background: In the ancient medical system Ayurveda, which has been utilized for thousands of years, the pharmaceutical industry concentrates on developing novel pharmaceuticals and plant-based medications. A type of blooming plant belonging to the Fabaceae family is called B. tomentosa. The main chemical components of the plant were flavone, 5, 7-dimethoxy-30, 40-methylenedioxy flavone, and a novel dihydrodibenzoxepin, 5, 6-dihydro-1, 7-dihydroxy-3, 4-dimethoxy-methyldibenzoxepin, flavonol glycoside, triterpene saponin, phenanthraquinone, and flavonoids. In our current study, we propose to review the key phytochemical ingredients from B. tomentosa, which has been reported to have chemoprotective anticancer activity, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, and other therapeutic uses.
Main body of the abstract: Bauhinia tomentosa is used in ancient for curing many diseases, this review aims to explain its outcome in presence of phytoconstituents such as flavonoids, phenols, and alkaloids. Highlighting its constituents it has been already reported that quercetin is isolated and pharmacologically active in inhibiting gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and also fungi. As far it’s concerned, rather than quercetin many other natural compounds have also been isolated and reported. For treating various kinds of diseases. There are around 47 species of Bauhinia, by its attractive appearance of the flower, it is used as an ornamental plant, and considering its therapeutic benefits it plays an important role for future researchers.
Short Conclusion: Bauhinia species is not a rare species it is widely distributed and accustomed to any kind of vegetation and climatic conditions. It has been cultivated in many areas for its remarkable pharmacological actions, which was recently reported for curing nephrotoxicity and obesity. Many new diseases are appearing in day-to-day life, whereas treating the disease with allopathic medicines prone to a lot of side effects to avoid such kind of discomforts in patient Ayurveda, Unani, homeopathy, siddha medicines play a vital role. In future investigation researchers procuring herbal plants will increase because for their safety and efficacy purposes.

Pages: 20-27  |  19 Views  9 Downloads

How to cite this article:
G Shanthini Nachiar and Sameemabegum. A comprehensive review of pharmacognostical, phytochemical and anti-microbial investigation towards Bauhinia tomentosa L.. Int. J. Pharmacognosy Pharm. Sci. 2020;2(2):20-27. DOI: 10.33545/27067009.2020.v2.i2a.67
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