Amit W Jadhav, Priyanka R Zod, Ashwini N Tekam and Savita Patil
With increase in population in India, Integrated fish farming remained a key player in agricultural enterprises due its sustainability and focuses on diversified agricultural production with emphasis on fish. In present study we focused on the fish farming integrated with the cattle farming. Integrated fish farming is the farming of fishes with livestock and Agriculture that is, rising of fishes with agriculture and animals. Integrated fish farming is also called Agro-Pisci culture. The integration of aquaculture, fisheries, agriculture and other productive or ecosystem management activities has an integral role to play in the future of the aquaculture industry. Principle behind this study includes that Cattles provide organic manure to fish ponds. Cattle dung is nutritionally rich, very fine due to repeated digestion in the cattle and it can suspend longer in fish pond. The suspend ability of dung not only enables fish to get more feed, but also reduces oxygen consumption caused by manures, this also avoids the formation of harmful gases. Effort is required to standardize the fish size, stocking rate, feeding, species combination and feeding, type of animal, number of animal and their size; age and diet, quality of seasonal factors will also have to be considered. As the success of integrated system depends on low production cost and high returns, the management techniques for animals will have to be improved. Feeding technology for reducing feed cost, faster growth and higher yield of animals should be adopted. Liquid manure of effluent from bio-gas digester can be matched with this production technology.
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